Guide Of Common Dental Tools

To the majority of the public the noise and look of common dental tools seem downright terrifying. It can even cause some of us to fear the dentist completely, which makes for an uneasy trip every time you have to go. However, there are ways to try to fix the situation.

Dental Instruments

By knowing the function of each dental tool, you might be less fearful every time the dentist approaches your mouth. Here’s a brief guide to help you understand basic dental tools, and help in simmering your nerves and putting your mind at rest. When you walk into your dentist’s office, the burr of a drill or the sharp hook of a device you can’t even describe is enough to send serious chills down your spine, no matter how tough you are. So lets fix this just now.

Dental Syringe

The duty of the dental syringe is to numb your mouth. They’re a bit longer than the typical needle or syringe so the dentist can target the right place when using the anaesthetic. As with a shot, the initial injection may cause uneasiness for a split second, but this is quickly numbed by the anaesthetic. If you’re a bit scared of needles (as most people are). Most dentists also administer a topical anaesthetic before using the syringe, in order to dull the initial pain of the needle.

Dental Drill

The sound of it is enough to send some patients into a frenzy of fear and anxiety. Perhaps the most feared of all tools is the dental drill. However, it’s the most effective way to get rid of tooth decay before filling in a cavity. The drill spins at over 240,000 rpm while squirting water into your mouth. While the dental drill can feel uncomfortable because of vibrations on your teeth, it’s usually not painful when you receive a local anaesthetic. If the drill didn’t spray water, it would get hot and end up damaging the tooth.


While a sickle probe is very efficient at getting rid of small areas of plaque and tartar, scalers are more essential for the removal of a greater bulk. Most patients who require scaling have more significant issues with periodontal disease, but everyone goes through some form of plaque buildup. When you eat or drink pretty much anything, small particles such as sugars and acids get stuck to your teeth, and bacteria ends up forming. The harmful bacteria eventually causes tooth decay, and while brushing and flossing help remove most of this plaque, additional removal is sometimes required. A scaler scrapes off excess plaque, and while it’s not the most comfortable tool, it'll prevent you from losing your teeth in the long run.

Dental Scaler

Saliva Ejector or Suction Device

Unlike some other dental tools, a saliva ejector is one of the easier to deal with, and many times, the source of a bit of satire.You may hear some vacuum sounds and feel the ejector stick to your tongue, but it’s nothing that should scare you. During treatments that involve water, you may be regularly instructed to close your mouth in order to help the device clear the built up water. When a dentist is looking around your mouth, they often need a dry surface. A suction device is a long tube which is attached to a vacuum that acts by removing saliva from your mouth.


If you require a cap, mouthguard, or crown your dentist will most probably have to get a mold of your teeth. These molds are nothing to be scared of, they are small frames filled with a soft substance and are put in your mouth. When you bite, it provides a perfect mold of your teeth. The molding material doesn’t taste very nice, but it’s nothing you can’t tolerate for a few short seconds, and some dentists even have flavoured molds available for kids.

Dental Mold

Mouth Mirror

This is probably the least intimidating of all the dental instruments, but it’s an important one. The mouth mirror is a small mirror attached to a metal stick. There are two main purposes of this instrument. Firstly, it allows the dentist to see areas in of mouth that normally would take an act of physical contortion to see, this makes it simpler to find tooth decay or other potential oral issues that would otherwise go unfound. Secondly, it gives the dentist an easy way to move your tongue or push on the inside of your cheek without doing so with their hands.

If you want to continue exploring dental tools, have a look at the YouTube video below.

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